The Hollow Earth Theory
People often ask “Why must the Earth be hollow and why must there be a hole at each pole?” This is a fair question, one which we can answer easily enough using science. To begin, let’s ask ourselves — “What do we observe with most spinning systems in nature … hurricanes, tornadoes, whirlpools or water vortices, etc.?” Well, one common feature they all share is that they are have an inner empty space near the centre of rotation.
Why is this? Why doesn’t matter want to stick near the centre of the axis of rotation? Have you ever sat in the middle of a merry-go-round and tried to stay in the centre while someone spins it faster and faster? It’s next to impossible to stay near the centre. The same holds true for a spinning system of matter which is coalescing to form a new planet — the matter at the centre will fly out outward due to centrifugal acceleration.
But that’s not the only force acting upon the spinning system — gravity is also acting to pull the matter back together. Let’s use another example. What happens when you hold a weight on a string and spin your body around? The weight will fly out a certain distance until it reaches a point of equilibrium where gravity and the centrifugal force counteract and balance each other until the net force is zero. Now spin faster. The weight will fly out even further until it stops at a new equilibrium point. This is perfectly illustrated by the planets Jupiter and Saturn. How many hours does it take Jupiter and Saturn each to complete one rotational period? If your answer was more than 24 hours, you’d be wrong — Saturn has a day of 10.5 hours and Jupiter’s day is even shorter at 9.8 hours. Most people assume that Jupiter and Saturn are bigger because they are more massive. I posit that they are bigger because the matter that coalesced to form them had a faster rate of rotation and so their radius was necessarily greater than their slower spinning counterparts — just like the spinning weight on the string example.
Now we’ve shown, using simple physics and logic, that spinning systems are hollow and the radius of planets are determined by their rate of rotation during formation so that the centrifugal acceleration and gravitational attraction balance out. At this point of equilibrium the heaviest elements coalesce and the lighter elements (such as atmosphere and water) form on either side of this centre point, creating an atmosphere and oceans on the inner and outer surfaces of the planet. As you near the poles, the crust thins until eventually you have an opening or a hole at both northern and southern extremities. The resulting configuration is a hollow planet with a shell or crust that can sustain life on the inner and outer surfaces.
An urban legend that began circulating widely in the 1950s, there are many variations of the legend, but the basic story is the same.
It begins when a teenage boy takes his unsuspecting date out to Lovers’ Lane for a make-out session. While there, they hear a report of a murderer who has escaped from a nearby insane asylum; the newscaster says everyone should be on the look-out for this crazy man, who has a hook in place of his right hand. The girl becomes frightened – especially when the couple hears a strange scratching sound coming from outside the car – but her date insists everything is fine and tries to continue making out. The girl resists, and eventually the boy relents and drives her home.
When they arrive back at the girl’s house, the girl exits the car and begins screaming hysterically. When her date exits the car as well, he sees a bloody detached hook embedded in the roof of the car – and realizes that the Hook Man would have scratched through to the interior of the car had they stayed at Lover’s Lane any longer.
Similarly, an urban legend folklorist’s call “The Boyfriend’s Death” also has much in common with the Hook Man legend (known as “The Hook”, and popularised in recent years by the TV show “Supernatural”).
Some of the key features of The Hook are that there is a radio warning of an escaped convict or madman, that the couple survives, and that they find the hook embedded in the car door once they are safely home. It has been told in the U.S. since the 1950s and is one of the most widely-known (and frequently studied) urban legends in the world.
The Boyfriend’s Death urban legend dates from the 1960s and has some similarities but many differences from The Hook. The Boyfriend’s Death is also set on Lover’s Lane, and occasionally interpolates the “radio warning” aspect of The Hook, but the most common similarity (in the U.S.) is that the killer is often said to be “The Hookman.” Significant differences between the Boyfriend’s Death and The Hook include: the boy exits the car while the girl stays in the car all night, she hears scratching sounds on the roof of the car, and when she is rescued in the morning by the authorities she sees her dead boyfriend hanging upside-down from a tree. It is his fingernails that have been making the scratching sounds.
There are non-Hookman versions of The Boyfriend’s Death, including a Navajo version that attributes the death to a Skinwalker. In Europe, particularly in the U.K, the boyfriend is usually decapitated by an Axe-Man, who sits on the roof of the car bouncing the head.
The first Mothman reports seem to date from the mid 1960s. Mothman has been sighted many places in Virginia and West Virginia, but the largest number of sightings happened in or near a place known as “the TNT Area,” an abandoned ammunitions dump dating from World War II that is near Point Pleasant, West Virginia.
The TNT Area is mostly forest, dotted with numerous grassy clearings and concrete domes. It is also riddled with abandoned tunnels, most of which have collapsed, been sealed off, or became flooded with water. A wildlife sanctuary adjoins the TNT Area, and the whole region in and near the TNT Area is sparsely populated, with a great deal of nearly impenetrable wilderness. The system of dirt roads in the TNT Area form a popular hang out for hunters, lovers and naughty teenagers.
Mothman is described as being gray (or possibly brown) in color. He does not wear clothing, or if he does, it is tight-fitting, exactly the same color as the rest of his body, and blends in perfectly with his skin.
Mothman’s insect-like face and huge red eyes are central features in most reports. This is copyrighted by those who own the copyright to the book cover art for ‘Mothman: The Facts Behind the Legend’ by Jeff Wamsley and Donnie Sergent Jr.
He looks like his body is generally human in shape, with two notable exceptions. He has huge wings instead of arms, and he has gigantic red eyes that glow. The details of his face and his feet have never been adequately described. Only one witness ever saw the face clearly, and she could only say that the details were horrible and monstrous. She had terrible nightmares and nearly suffered a nervous breakdown. Anyone who gets a close look at Mothman seems to suffer from extreme fear and psychological distress, sometimes lasting for months or years afterwards, all out of proportion to how scared they ought to be. In particular, people say that a sense of pure evil overcomes them when they see Mothman’s eyes.
Mothman is perhaps four or five feet tall when standing. He can fold his wings and walk with a weird shuffle that many witnesses compare to a penguin. When he flies, he unfolds his wings and shoots straight up with great speed, then levels out to go wherever he wants to go. He has never been observed flapping his wings, not even on take-off. He just holds then straight and stiff. He can fly much faster than any bird should be able to fly, as measured by those victims who suffered from what seems to be Mothman’s favorite activity: chasing cars.
Mothman sightings have been associated with at least two other cryptids. Gigantic thunderbirds with gray bodies and red heads were sighted in the same area at the same time by a few witnesses. There was also a bizarre hairy humanoid of the type that researchers call “big hairy monsters” or “hairy bipeds.” This big hairy monster was quite weird because it was headless. The only footprints that have ever been associated with Mothman sightings are very bizarre, consisting of footprints that are unmistakably those of a dog mixed with a few classic Bigfoot footprints. However, these dog footprints have two abnormal characteristics. They are far too big for any known dog, and are pressed into the soil so deeply that they suggest the animal must have weighed several thousand pounds. So far, nobody has claimed to see the giant dog that is suggested by these footprints.